Gophers have started early. Eating all of plants that were from last summer. They are eating them off just at the top of the ground and leave no roots behind. We have sandy soil and they don't have a problem getting through the ground. We even have some castor beans growing in with the flowers. They have not eaten them yet, but have the Japenese Maple and many of the shrubs and even some of our roses and wild roses. I would appreciate any advice that you know will work. I seem to have the best luck with shotgun when I see one working.