I've read over my years here on HT about keeping cattle indoors during the winter months. (Some say November-March) Is this due to extreme cold temps that set in and never leave? I've got an uncle who was raised in North Dakota that talks about having to use a horse-drawn sled to get hay to the cattle during several feet of snow cover but he never mentions keeping animals barned. (His family raised a couple hundred head of beef cattle West of Minot.) If in fact you do keep them indoors all winter, is it a daily manure removal olympics? I can look at my coral after a day's worth of keeping the animals penned and see hundreds of pounds of manure. How do you do it for those of you that have several head of bovine? Keep in mind, I'm from an area that rarely sees temps below freezing for over a week's time. As well, the dairy I worked on was a parallel milk parlor and that was the only time the cows came under roof. (other than being in a covered holding pen while they waited for their turn in the parlor.) I'm not familiar with tie stall barns and free stall barns other than seeing them in pictures. Do the cows literally stay tied up all the time and get milked in place? For those of you like Springvalley who milk in a flat stlye parlor do the cattle stay out on pasture until milking time?