Basic Poultry Care and General Information

Discussion in 'Poultry' started by ladycat, Jun 14, 2008.

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  1. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK
    The posts in this topic were originally all posted by Bergere and Nan(TX) at various dates in 2004.

    Poultry Glossarys

    Chicken Terms

    1.Mash a blend of several feed ingredients, ground to a small size but not to a powder

    2.Pellets small kernels of compressed mash, causing birds to eat the whole blend, not pick and choose

    3.Crumbles pellets broken up into smaller pieces

    4.Starter a blend of feed for chicks and growing birds, usually in the form of mash; approximately the same as "Grower"; can be replaced with "adult" food as soon as chicks go for it, somewhere between 4 and 8 weeks of age

    5.Grower approximately the same as "Starter"

    6. Layer feed blend for chickens that are laying eggs, having extra calcium and protein added

    7.Broiler feed blend for chickens that are growing as fast as possible, in order to be harvested for meat as early as possible

    8.Scratch whole grains fed separately to chickens, usually scattered on the ground or litter of the coop; usually a mixture of grains, such as wheat, rye, oats, etc. (corn/maize must be cracked before using as scratch grain)

    9.Free range: not controlled by fences, able to get to fresh greens and insects; as commercially used, this term allows fences, with minimum amount of space per bird being set by definition

    10.Pastured poultry: hens kept in movable, usually wheeled, pens, moved daily over fresh pasture, creating delicious meat and nutritious eggs

    11.Organic: inspected by government agencies, organic food sources must not contain traces of harmful chemicals; the term as currently used does not insure that poultry has been raised in the best possible way, only that it has near zero harmful ingredients

    12.Pullets: female chickens in their first year of lay, or prior to their first moult

    13.Hens: female chickens in their second year of lay, or after their first moult

    14.Straight Run: a random mixture of male and female baby chicks

    15.Cockerels: male baby chicks; male young domestic fowl


    Grit: angular, hard crushed rock, preferably from granite, used by the chickens in place of "teeth" --- seashells and bone CANNOT substitute for grit; for confinded birds, grit should be offered several times a month at least; it should be of the right size for the age of the birds allowed to free range don't need to be offered grit -- they find their own ideal sizes and types to suit themselves

    Corn: American term meaning maize corn, or "corn on the cob" (in England "corn" means what grain means in the US, that is, all food grains)

    Grain: American term meaning any small, hard seeds, especially grass-family seeds (called corn in England); provides energy, B vitamins, phosphorus, and the whole grains are a fair source of protein, too

    Bran: the outer coating of a kernel of grain; extremely high in silicon, which slows down its decomposing in the soil; cheap by-product of milling, often given away free by large mills

    Germ: the embryo plant inside a kernel of grain; very nutritious and high in protein; wheat and rice germ (also called "rice polish") are a saleable by-product of milling

    Middlings: an old milling term for the parts of the kernel that are milled off with the germ, and probably contain both the starch and bran (please email me if you have more specific information :)

    Calcium: provided by sea shells, crushed bone, and fresh or dried greens --- amounts need to be measured closely, if not free range; must be provided in higher quantities as soon as chickens begin to lay eggs

    Protein: any food high in amino acids, used to build tissues; protein quality is determined by the "completeness" of the amino acid varieties in the food source; all meats, eggs of all kinds, milk, cheese, nuts, seed germs, and soy beans are high protein sources

    Amino acid: a molecule that is one building block of protein; there are many different amino acids, most of which can be manufactured in the body; the few that cannot must be supplied by foods, and are called "Essential Amino Acids"; a food that supplies all 8 essential amino acids is called "complete"

    Vitamins: an old, general term meaning "life-giving"; a chemical found in nature or made by man to imitate natural ones; new vitamins, and new uses for known vitamins, are always being discovered

    Minerals: non-life-created chemicals found in nature; these and vitamins can be added to dietary regimens to improve health; sea water contains all the minerals of the earth, in their natural forms and safe amounts; "trace minerals" are those needed in relatively very tiny amounts, and can be highly toxic if these amounts are exceeded; "macro-minerals" are those needed in large amounts, such as calcium, phosphorous, and magnesium

    Kelp: sea-weed, plants that grow in the sea; contains all the minerals of the earth; all kelp is edible, and can easily be dried and fed to chickens by clipping a sheaf of it to something in their area (also, this replaces any need to add salt to their rations)

    For more
    Last edited: Jun 9, 2014
  2. bergere

    bergere Just living Life

    May 11, 2002
    Now in Virginia

    General Topics
    1. Small Poultry Flocks; Guide #31; 1988; NCSU; 4 pages.

    2. Farm Flock Poultry; FS-03605; 1991; Minnesota; 4 pages.

    3. Poultry for the Small Producer; F-8202; 19??; Oklahoma; 4 pages.

    4. The Small Poultry Flock; E7730003; 2000; Michigan; 15 pages.

    5. Managing a Family Chicken Flock; G8350; 1997; Missouri; 4 pages.

    6. Small Poultry Flocks; n-2262; 19??; USDA/Clemson; 15 pages. publications/n-2262.pdf

    7. Management Guide for the Backyard Flock; L-429; 1999; Georgia; 8 pages.

    8. How to Keep a Small Poultry Flock; Circ477; 1999; New Mexico; 8 pages.

    9. A Small-Scale Agriculture Alternative: Poultry; 1997; Virginia; 5 pages.

    10. The Home Flock; Pub. 268; 2000; Mississippi; 8 pages.

    11. Management of the Small Flock of Chickens; MF-2390; 1999; Kansas; 4 pages.

    12. Raising Fowl and Small Animals in Urban Areas; SFF#4; 19??; Virginia; 2 pages.

    13. Starting and Managing Small Poultry Units; L-2656; 1980; California; 19 pages.

    14. Raising Your Home Chicken Flock; MEP-300; 1995; Maryland; 20 pages.

    15. Sustainable Poultry: Production Overview; ATTRA; 2002; USDA; 36 pages.

    16. Production of Eggs and Home-Raised, Home-Butchered Broiler and Turkeys; Ch. 2; Kansas; 10 pages.

    17. Turkey Care Practices; 1998; California; 29 pages.

    18. Small Turkey Flock Management; NCR Extension Pub. #60; 19??; North Central Reg. Extension; 10 pages.

    19. Producing Turkeys for Show; L-5145; 1996; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/ps-5145.pdf

    20. Selecting and Preparing Birds for Exhibition; 1997; Mississippi; 4 pages.

    21. Preparing Poultry for Show; PS-34; 1998; Florida; 5 pages.

    22. Selecting and Preparing Poultry for Exhibition; L-771; 1999; Kansas; 4 pages.

    23. Selecting Chickens for Show; PS-33; 1997; Florida; 6 pages.

    24. Poultry Q&A; L-5323; 1999; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/QA.PDF

    25. Poultry Industry and Production Questions; Illinois; 10 pages.

    26. Answers to 50+ Common Poultry FAQs; 2000; Mississippi; 25 pages.
    Listed at:

    27. Poultry Management Specifications (table/chart); SS-PSE-806; 1997; Florida; 3 pages.

    Shipping chickens

    For Egg Cartons
    Thank you Becky for the last two links!

    Sexing Geese

    Acorn Hollow Bantams (lots of info on waterfowl)

    Poultry One is a good site.

    Ontario chickens.

  3. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK

    1. What is a Chicken?; Illinois; 3 pages.

    2. Breeds of Poultry (chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, guinea); Oklahoma; 1 page index.

    3. Breeds and Varieties of Chickens; List; 1997; Mississippi; 5 pages.

    4. Breeds and Varieties Officially Recognized (and dates); Illinois; 7 pages.

    5. History of (chicken) Breeds; Illinois; 15 pages.

    6. Best Breeds of Chickens; Mississippi; 1 page.

    7. Selecting Breeds for Small Flocks; PFS-16; West Virginia; 2 pages.

    8. Selecting Chickens for Home Use; L-7232; 1997; California; 3 pages.

    9. Choosing a Chicken Breed: Eggs, Meat, or Exhibition; AS-518-W; 2002; Purdue; 4 pages.

    10. Match Your Need to the Right Breed - Chickens, Turkeys, Ducks, Geese; Bulletin #2104; 1999; Maine; 1 page.

    11. Bantams; NCR Ext. Pub. 209; Wisconsin; 18 pages.

    12. Chicken Breed Chart; New York; 20 pages.

    Terrific chart on characteristics of of 70 breeds and links to lots of other good info, originally posted (as far as I know) by "insanity.".

    And this one is fun

    Other Fowl: Peafowl, Water Fowl, Game Birds/Quail

    1. Peafowl; G88-879-A; 1988; Nebraska; 5 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    2. Raising Guinea Fowl; L-519; 1976; Texas A&M; 8 pages. publications/l-519.pdf

    3. Management Requirements For Waterfowl; SFF#2; 19??; Virginia; 2 pages.

    4. Raising Waterfowl; A3311; 1994; Wisconsin; 20 pages.

    5. Brooding and Rearing Ducklings and Goslings; G8920; 1993; Missouri; 3 pages.

    6. Raising Ducks; FS-01189; 1994; Minnesota; 3 pages.

    7. Management Program for Raising Breeder Duck Flocks; PS Facts #10; 1991; North Carolina State; 6 pages.

    8. Feeding Ducks; PS Facts #2; 1990; North Carolina State; 7 pages.

    9. Brooding and Rearing the Home Goose Flock; G83-713-A; 1984; Nebraska; 6 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    10. Raising Geese; FS-01190; 1980; Minnesota; 2 pages.

    11. Managing the Home Goose Breeder Flock; G85-711-A; 1984; Nebraska; 6 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    12. Managing Geese for Reproduction; Tips; 03/2002; Georgia; 2 pages. Mar. BY tip D C_LH.web.pdf

    13. Weeding with Geese; G8922; 1993; Missouri; 3 pages.

    14. Managing Game Birds; E6920004; 2000; Michigan; 12+ pages.

    15. Raising Game Birds; L-21046; 1978; California; 23 pages.

    16. Construction, Insulation, and Ventilation of Game Bird Facilities; Fact Sheet PS-45; 1998; Florida; 5 pages.

    17. Game Bird Management Topics (8) INDEX; 2001; Mississippi; 2 pages.
    17-A. Raising Bobwhite Quail for Commercial Use; 2001; Mississippi; 27 pages.
    17-B. Feeding Quail; Pub. 2383; 2001; Mississippi; 7 pages.
    17-C. Brooding Chickens and Quail; Info. Sheet 1331; 2000; Mississippi; 3 pages.
    17-D. Strip Disking and Other Valuable Bobwhite Quail Management Techniques; 2005; Mississippi; 4 pages.
    17-E. Forest Management Strategies for Bobwhite Quail; Pub. 2087; ????; Mississippi; 5 pages.
    17-F. Game Bird (Bobwhite Quail) Brooder House Plan; 2001; Mississippi; 3 pages.
    Plan Instructions:
    17-G. Game Bird Grower House Plan; 2001; Mississippi; 2 pages.
    17-H. Game Bird Flight Pen Plan; 2001; Mississippi; 3 pages.
    Plan Instructions:

    18. Nutrition Guide for Bobwhite Quail Production; 1218; 2002; Georgia; 8 pages.

    19. Feeding Bobwhite Quail; PS&T Guide #44; 1989; North Carolina State; 7 pages.

    20. Diet Protein and Fed Microbials on Bobwhite Quail Performance; Tips; 07/2002; Georgia; 2 pages. July BY tip B D_LH.web.pdf

    21. Economic Assessment of Bobwhite Quail Production; 1220; 2002; Georgia; 8 pages.

    22. Factors Influencing Feather Loss in Bobwhite Quail; Tips; 01/2003; Georgia; 2 pages. Jan BY tip B D_lh.web.pdf

    23. Bobwhite Quail Production; UA-300/acg3995; 2002; Penn State; 6 pages.

    24. Bobwhite Quail Production; Circ. 879; 2003; Florida; 21 pages.

    25. Partridge Production; UA-319; 1998; Penn State; 6 pages.

    26. Raising Chukar Partridges; L-21321; 1982; California; 12 pages.

    27. Raising and Propagating Japanese Quail; 1978; California; 8 pages.

    28. Japanese Quail (Coturnix); PS-6; 1979; Texas A&M; 10 pages. publications/jpquail.pdf
  4. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK


    1. Water for Poultry; Fact Sheet AN-125; 2002; Florida; 4 pages.

    2. Small Poultry Flock Nutrition; Fact Sheet PS-29; 1998; Florida; 4 pages.

    3. Feeding the Backyard Laying Flock; PFS-17; ????; West Virginia; 2 pages.

    4. Nutrition for the Backyard Flock; L-396; 2002; Georgia; 4 pages.

    5. Amounts to Feed Your Flock (table/chart); Bulletin #2051; 1998; Maine; 1 page.

    6. Poultry Diets for Small Flocks; SSPSE6; 1995; Florida; 3 pages.

    7. Feed Chickens Properly; Info. Sheet 1214; ????; Mississippi; 2 pages.

    8. The Right Feed for the Right Birds; Tips; 01/2005; Georgia; 2 pages. 05 BY tip N D (web).pdf

    9. Poultry Nutrition Information for the Small Flock; EP-80; 2000; Kansas; 2 pages.

    10. Nutrition and Feeding of Show Poultry; L-5159; 1997; Texas A&M; 6 pages. publications/L-5159.PDF

    11. Calcium and Phosphorus for the Backyard Flock; Tips; 01/1998; Georgia; 2 pages. (Page 5)

    12. Preventing Bacterial Contamination, Medication, and Other Chemical Residues in Poultry Meat and Eggs;
    G93-1147-A; 1993; Nebraska; 3 pages.

    Feeding Your Birds

    There has been several questions about feed. I hope this answers some of them.

    You can feed Pullets the Starter/Grower Mash right up until they are 18 weeks old, alternately once they are feathered out you can feed them a maintenance feed until they are 18 weeks old.
    Once Pullets reach 18 weeks old you need to put them on a Laying (mash or pellets) feed.

    Feeding Your Birds

    Nutrition for the Backyard Flock

    Two Mistakes in Feeding
    The most common mistake is feeding the wrong feed. Do not give young birds a layer ration. The calcium level is excessively high for young birds. Do not mix scratch grain with a complete commercial ration. Cracked corn, for example, is low in protein. By mixing cracked corn with a complete commercial grower ration, you dilute (reduce) the protein level as well as the vitamin and mineral content of the diet. The birds will not grow as well or lay many eggs and will also be less resistant to disease. Nutrient deficiencies may lead to feather picking, lameness, sores or even death.
    The second most common mistake is not feeding enough of the appropriate type feed. Table 2 lists reasonable estimates of feed consumption and kinds of feed required by healthy chickens given good care.

    Nicholas M. Dale

    No Hormones
    For some reason, a belief sometimes exists that hormones are added to poultry feed in order to stimulate production. This is false. No hormones have been approved by the government for addition to poultry feeds, and even if they were, they would not be used. The mode of action of such compounds is extremely complex and no benefit of hormone supplementation to feeds has been demonstrated. To the contrary, if rapid growth were possible through the use of hormones the result would probably be disastrous. Just like the teenager who undergoes a sudden "growth spurt," the chicken fed on unnatural growth promoters would experience severe problems with leg joints, and in all likelyhood would suffer a high mortality through syndromes such as ascites or sudden death syndrome (heart attack).
    Thus, while a number of unfamiliar terms may appear on feed labels, there is no reason to be concerned about their safety. In fact, stranger sounding words can be found on the side panel of most boxes of breakfast cereal.
    Nicholas M. Dale
    Extension Poultry Scientist

    Poultry has a simple digestive tract like humans and therefore eat similar food, such as cereals and meat. Their food is composed of a number of nutrients that are essential to the bird’s health, maintenance and production of eggs and feathers. The six main nutrients are protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water:

    Protein is needed for growth, replacement of old cells and production of eggs and feathers. Sources of protein include meatmeal and fishmeal, oilseeds such as soybean meal and sunflower seed meal, and other high-protein foods such as peas and lupins.
    Carbohydrates are sources of energy needed for normal body maintenance and activity. They are provided by the cereals such as wheat, barley, maize, oats and sorghum.

    Fats are also sources of energy, and they are needed for body maintenance and storage. They are very high in energy, and therefore added fats are usually used only in high-energy broiler (meat chicken) feeds.
    Vitamins are needed only in very small amounts but they are essential to chemical processes taking place in the body. Examples are vitamin A, which is required for normal growth, and vitamin D, which is needed to prevent rickets.

    Minerals are needed also only in small amounts. Examples are calcium and phosphorus, in the form of limestone or bone flour, for eggshell formation.

    Water is an essential nutrient needed for all chemical processes in the body, and must always be available.

    Did you know a Leghorn chicken eats about 1/4 pound of feed per day?
  5. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK


    1. North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services - North Carolina Egg Law; 6 pages.

    2. Facts About (table) Eggs; Bulletin #2257; 2002; Maine; 8 pages.

    3. Structure of the Egg; Illinois; 2 pages.

    4. Contents of a Chicken Egg; Mississippi; 2 pages.

    5. The Process of Egg Formation; AS-525-W; 1998; Purdue; 2 pages.

    6. Formation and Parts of the Egg; Illinois; 1 page.

    7. Egg Quality; PS-24; 2000; Florida; 11 pages.

    8. What is Egg Quality and Conserving It; 1999; Illinois; 4 pages.

    9. Designer and Specialty Eggs; Fact Sheet PS-51; 2000; Florida; 4 pages.

    10. Designing Eggs for Better Nutrition; L-5178; 1997; Texas A&M; 2 pages. publications/l-5178.pdf

    11. Cholesterol Content vs. Egg Shell Color; Poultry Resources, FAQ; 2000; Oklahoma; 1 page.

    12. Selecting Eggs for Show; PS-32; 2000; Florida; 3 pages.

    13. Proper Handling of Eggs: From Hen to Consumption; SFF#9; 1997; Virginia; 6 pages.

    14. Maintaining Egg Quality; Tips; 01/2004; Georgia; 2 pages. 04 BY tip D L C (WEB).pdf

    15. Egg Cleaning Procedures for the Household Flock; G79-466-A; 1979; Nebraska; 3 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    16. Handling Eggs Safely at Home; NF91-33; 1991; Nebraska; 5 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    17. Factors that Influence Egg Production; American Egg Board; 3 pages.
    • U.S. Egg Industry Fact Sheet:

    18. Food Safety and Quality - Handling Eggs and Poultry Safely at Home; SP401-A; 1991; Tennessee; 2 pages.

    19. Packing Eggs on the Farm for Direct Sales; MF-2307; 1998; Kansas; 2 pages.

    20. The Small Laying Flock; FS-01192; 1998; Minnesota; 4 pages.

    21. The Small Laying Flock; PS5.250; 1997; Texas A&M; 3 pages. publications/ps-5250.pdf

    22. The Home Laying Flock - Part 1 - Getting Started; G-81-541-A; 1981; Nebraska; 5 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    23. The Home Laying Flock - Part 2 - Management; G-81-542-A; 1981; Nebraska; 7 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    24. Management Requirements for Laying Flocks; SFF#3; 19??; Virginia; 1 page.

    25. Small-Scale Egg Production (Organic and Nonorganic); 1999; Penn State; 6 pages.

    26. Producing Your Own Eggs; 2000; New Hampshire; 3 pages.

    27. Evaluating Egg Production Hens; FS-01182; 1990; Minnesota; 5 pages.

    28. Egg-Type Layer Flock Care Practices; 1998; California; 25 pages.

    29. Management of Egg-Producing Hens; Mississippi; 2 pages.

    30. Managing Poor Egg-Producing Hens; Mississippi; 1 page.

    31. Culling Hens; Pub. 358; 1997; Mississippi; 5 pages.

    32. Factors Affecting Egg Production in Backyard Chicken Flocks; FS PS-35; 2003; Florida; 12 pages.

    33. Proper Light Management for Your Home Laying Flock; NF04-609; 2004; Nebraska; 2 pages.

    34. Concepts of Eggshell Quality; Fact Sheet VM-69; 2003; Florida; 4 pages.

    35. Factors Causing Poor Pigmentation of Brown-Shelled Eggs; Fact Sheet VM-94; 2003; Florida; 4 pages.

    36. Light for Backyard Flocks; Bul. #2227; 20??; Maine; 3 pages.

    37. Guidelines for Non-Fasting Feeding Program for Molting Laying Hens; G02 1482-A; 2002; Nebraska; 4 pages.

    Hens Not Laying?

    Why Have My Hens Stopped Laying?

    At what age do hens start to lay?


    You can expect your heavy hens to start laying just before they are six months old. They will lay more eggs and start earlier if they have been well cared for. Prepare the birds for laying by having them on a good plane of nutrition. Provide fresh, clean water daily. When the birds reach 18 to 20 weeks of age, change the diet to a layer ration. This provides the added ingredients needed for egg production.

    It is a common misconception that hens need to be around roosters in order to lay eggs. This is not true. But if you want the option of raising replacement chicks, you do need to keep a few roosters. It is a good idea to keep at least one male per ten females to insure good fertility. Save only healthy looking males for breeding.

    As the birds near the age of lay (18 to 20 weeks), nesting boxes should be in place. Boxes 12 inches by 12 inches half-filled with straw or other clean litter material are ideal. One nest box for each 4 to 5 hens is adequate. Raise the boxes to a height of about 2 feet above the ground. A perch placed 4 inches in front of each box allows a place for hens to land before entering the nest. Most of the eggs are laid in the morning. Still, check the nests twice a day.

    Day length influences egg production. Egg production may be delayed if the days start to shorten as the birds approach the age when they begin to lay. Also, if day length decreases during the laying period, the number of eggs may decrease. Fourteen to 16 hours of daylight are recommended; this can be simulated by supplementing daylight with house lights, using a timer to switch the lights on and off. You can add the extra time at the beginning or end of the true daylight or provide extra hours of light in both the morning and evening.

    Hens may try to brood a clutch of eggs. Discourage this if the eggs are to be eaten. A broody hen will stop laying eggs and may become very aggressive. It will sit on a nest and prevent other hens from laying eggs there. There are a few ways to discourage broody behavior: do not allow a broody hen to sit on the nest; remove it whenever you find it there. Put the hen in an environment where it would be uncomfortable to sit on eggs. Some producers build a "broody pen" that has pebbles on the floor instead of litter.
  6. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK

    1. Brooding and Rearing the Home Meat Flock; G-81-538-A; 1981; Nebraska; 4 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    2. Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks; SFF#1; 19??; Virginia; 1 page.

    3. The Home Broiler Chicken Flock; PS-42; 1998; Florida; 6 pages.

    4. The Small Flock for Poultry Meat; FS-01199; 1991; Minnesota; 3 pages.

    5. The Home Broiler Flock; L-1247; 1995; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-1247.pdf

    6. Anyone for a Few Broilers?; E-1257; 1985; Michigan; 8 pages.

    7. The Broiler Project; Pub. 2897; 2004; Louisiana; 8 pages.

    8. How to Produce Broilers and Roasters for Show; L-5431; 2000; Texas A&M; 6 pages. publications/L5431.pdf

    9. Raising Broilers and Turkeys for Competition; 4HFSO-416; 2004; Arkansas; 7 pages.

    10. Raising Meat-type Chickens; Wisconsin; MS Power Point presentation, 41 slides.

    Our 2004 Broiler Production Summary

    Broilers...the economics of it?? been the 99 in all the records with our

    Poultry order-whats yours?

    Best/cheapest hatchery

    How many chickens do you have?

    I fell off the wagon.
  7. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK

    >>>>Warning some pictures are graphic!<<<<
    The subject matter in this post may be disturbing to some. Links will go to webpages showing in graphic detail the processing of meat products from a living animal.


    1. Home Processing of Poultry; F-8400; ????; Oklahoma; 2 pages.

    2. Home Processing of Poultry Series - INDEX; FO-00701; 1998; Minnesota; 5+ pages.
    • Introduction and Selecting Birds for Slaughter:
    • Processing Facilities and Equipment and Killing and Dressing:
    • Evisceration and Chilling and Packing:
    • Splitting Broilers and Fryers and Cutting Up Whole Carcasses:

    3. Procedures for Killing and Dressing Home Grown Fowl; SSPS8; 2003; Florida; 6 pages.

    4. Processing Farm-Raised Poultry; EP-71; 2000; Kansas; 4 pages.

    5. Processing Poultry at Home; B-1383; 1995; Texas A&M; 12 pages. publications/b-1383.pdf

    6. Home Processing of Chickens; HEG81-144; 1981; Nebraska; 7 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated
    6-A. Home Processing Guide; Wisconsin; 12 PowerPoint slides.

    7. Small Scale Poultry Processing; ATTRA IP231/233; 2003; USDA – SARE; 40 pages.

    8. The Cut Up Chicken, Part 1; HEG81-145; 1981; Nebraska; 6 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated
    9. The Cut Up Chicken, Part 2; HEG81-146; 1981; Nebraska; 5 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    10. Cutting Up and Deboning Broilers; 2000; Mississippi; 6+ pages (10a-f).
    • Cutting Up a Whole Broiler:
    • Quartering a Chicken:
    • Cutting Wing Drumettes:
    • Boning a Whole Chicken Breast:
    • Boning a Chicken Breast Half:
    • Boning a Chicken Thigh:

    11. Broiler Chicken Deboning; B-1605; 1988; Texas A&M; 8 pages. publications/b-1605.pdf

    12. Boneless Breast of Chicken; L-1797; 1987; Texas A&M; 2 pages. publications/l-1797.pdf

    13. Chicken Cut-Up: Family Style; L-1798; 1985; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-1798.pdf

    14. Chicken Cut-Up: Commercial Style; L-1799; 1981; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-1799.pdf

    15. Preventing Bact., Meds., and Chem. Residues in Poultry Meat and Eggs; G93-1147-A; 1993;
    Nebraska; 5 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    16. Feed Removal Before Home Processing; Tips; 01/2003; Georgia; 1 page. 2003 BY tip N D web.pdf

    17. Avoiding Residues in Small Poultry and Game Bird Flocks; PNW 564; 2003; Oregon; 2 pages.

    18. Carving the Family Turkey; L-1707; 198?; Texas A&M; 3 pages. publications/l-1707.pdf

    19. Turkey Basics; NF92-102; 1992; Nebraska; 4 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    20. Purchasing and Using Turkey Products; L-1415; 1985; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-1415.pdf

    21. Curing and Smoking Poultry; L-1664; 1986; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-1664.pdf

    22. Freezing Poultry for Home Use; L-5090; 1994; Texas A&M; 4 pages. publications/l-5090.pdf

    23. Preserving Meat, Poultry, Fish, and Seafood; EC96-450; 1992; Nebraska; 8 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    24. Consumer Guide to Safe Handling and Prep. of Ground Meat and Poultry; Pub. #458-016; 1996;
    Virginia; 4 pages.

    25. Salmonella and Poultry; F-8401; 19??; Oklahoma; 2 pages.

    26. Often Asked Questions about Poultry and Eggs; F-8402; Oklahoma; 4 pages.

    27. Meat Storage Guidelines; HEG81-143-A; 1981; Nebraska; 6 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    28. A&B. Safe Home Canning of Fruits, Vegetables, and Meats; WW-00516; 1996; Minnesota; 22 and 9 pages.
    • Section 5, Meats; 9 pages:

    29. Homemade Meat, Poultry, and Game Sausages, ????; Washington; 17 pages.

    30. Barbecuing Chicken; MF-2306; 1997; Kansas; 4 pages.

    31. Barbecuing Mississippi Broilers; Pub. 351; 1997; Mississippi; 5 pages.

    32. Using the Claim "Certified Organic By . . ." on Meat and Poultry Product Labeling; USDA-FSIS; 3 pages.

    33. Consumer Preferences for Organic/Free Range Chicken; 2002; Kansas; 25 pages.

    34. Direct Sale of Poultry; G00-1416-A; 2000; Nebraska; 4 pages.

    35. North Carolina Compulsory Meat Inspection Law; 23 pages. Compulsory Meat Inspection Law.pdf

    36. North Carolina Poultry Products Inspection Law; 21 pages. Poultry Products Inspection Law.pdf

    37. On-Farm Slaughter Activities; 1 page. Farm Slaughter.pdf

    38. How to Obtain State Inspection; 5+ pages.

    39. Inspection Requirements of Meat and Poultry Businesses; 4 pages.

    40. Small Processing Plant Inspection; 12 pages.

    41. Poultry and Shell Egg Grading; 3+ pages.

    Dressing Poultry: A Beginner's Perspective

    Home Processing of Poultry

    Butchering Poultry

  8. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK


    1. Predators: Thieves in the Night; F-8204; ????; Oklahoma; 2 pages.

    2. Addressing Consequences of Predator Damage to Livestock and Poultry; Pub. #410-030; 1996; Virginia; 6 pages.

    3. Estimating the Value of Domestic Fowl; SFF#30; 19??; Virginia; 6 pages.

    4. Why Do Hens Stop Laying Eggs?; Mississippi; 1 page.

    5. Why Have My Hens Stopped Laying?; SFF#34; 19??; Virginia; 4 pages.

    6. Why My Hens Stopped Laying; 1978; California; 2 pages.

    7. Why Did My Chickens Stop Laying?; 1978; Oregon; 2 pages.

    8. Causes for Thin Egg Shells; Mississippi; 1 page.

    9. Causes of Pecking and Cannibalism; Mississippi; 1 page.

    10. Cannibalism: Prevention and Treatment; SFF#32; 19??; Virginia; 3 pages.

    11. Cannibalism: Cause and Prevention in Poultry; G84-718-A; 1984; Nebraska; 6 pages. Dead Link -- pages are being updated

    12. Cannibalism in the Small Poultry Flock; MF-2336; 1998; Kansas; 3 pages.

    13. Prevention of Egg Eating; SFF#33; 19??; Virginia; 1 page.

    14. Egg Eating by Chickens; PS-26; 1997; Florida; 3 pages.

    15. Preventing Hens from Eating Eggs; EP-70; 2000; Kansas; 2 pages.

    16. Causes for Hens Eating Their Eggs.; Mississippi; 1 page.

    17. Molting (feather loss) of Laying Hens; Mississippi; 2 pages.

    18. Causes of Poor Feathering; Mississippi; 1 page.

    19. Molting and Other Causes of Feather Loss in Small Poultry Flocks; MF-2308; 1998; Kansas; 2 pages.

    20. Leg and Foot Disorders in Domestic Fowl; SFF#35; 19??; Virginia; 3 pages.

    21. Leg Problems in Broilers and Turkeys; EP-113; 2002; Kansas; 2 pages.

    Hawks and other birds of prey.

    Your options are to be resourceful with ways to fence out the birds of prey
    any other action is illegal and not only do we not talk about it on this forum, we do not condone any illegal actions.

    The Migratory Bird Treaty Act

    Unless and except as permitted by regulations . . . it shall be unlawful at any time, by any means, or in any manner to pursue, hunt, take, capture, kill...possess, offer for sale, sell...purchase...ship, export, import . . .transport or cause to be transported . . . any migratory bird, any part, nest, or eggs of any such bird . . . included in the terms of the conventions between the United States and Great Britain (acting for Canada)...the United States and the United Mexican States . . . and the United States and the Government of Japan" (emphasis added).
    The word "take" is defined as meaning "to pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect, or attempt to pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect" (50 CFR 10.12).
    The maximum criminal penalty for an individual violating the Act is a $5000 fine and a six-month jail term for each count (18 U.S.C.571; 16 U.S.C. 707).

    List of Migratory Birds
    Final List of Bird Species to Which the Migratory Bird Treaty Act Does Not Apply
  9. ladycat

    ladycat Chicken Mafioso Staff Member

    Oct 18, 2005
    N. TX/ S. OK

    1. Resource Guide for Owners of Small Poultry Flocks; Kansas State University.

    2. On-Line Articles and Publications for Pastured Poultry Producers; American Pastured Poultry Producers’ Assoc.

    3. Resources Linked by Discipline or Species; Penn State.

    4. Sources of Information for Backyard Poultry Keepers; University of Maine.

    5. Small Flock Information for County Extension Personnel; University of Arkansas.

    6. Raising Birds on Pasture Resources; Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education.

    7. General Poultry Resources; Ag Marketing Resource Center.

    8. General Poultry Resources; Purdue University, IN.

    9. General Poultry Resources;

    10. Incubation and Embryology Resources; University of Illinois Extension.

    11. General Overview of Poultry Science; University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary

    12. Poultry Information and Pure Bred Chicken, Bantam, and Guinea Fowl Hatching Eggs; Rocking T Ranch and Poultry Farm,TX (Particularly the Help Pages, Help Links, Poultry FAQ, and Poultry Book Store).

    13. FAQs for Newbies; Shagbark Bantams.

    14. Poultry Health Articles; Shagbark Bantams.

    15. Learning Center; Backyard Chickens.

    16. Poultry Internet Resources; DOM_BIRD.

    17. General Chicken Resources; Ithaca University, NY.

    18. Growing Small Farms – Pastured Poultry; North Carolina Cooperative Extension

    19. The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy
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