Air Potatoes

Discussion in 'Goats' started by Debara, Jun 14, 2006.

  1. Debara

    Debara Well-Known Member

    Apr 20, 2006
    Does anyone know anything about goats eating air potatoes? Are the leaves or the potatoes poisonous? I have heard different things about the potatoes. Thanks, DEB
  2. mpillow

    mpillow Well-Known Member Supporter

    Jan 24, 2003
    Its the plant not the tuber(unless green skinned) that is poisonous....Nightshade family of plants I believe :shrug:

  3. A.T. Hagan

    A.T. Hagan Guest

    Do a Google on "Dioscorea bulbifera" and "animal feed" and I think you'll find some useful information.

  4. Nyx

    Nyx Misplaced Appalachian

    May 12, 2006
    New York State
    What I've read about air potato vines says that the leaves and vines can be used for domestic animal fodder. About goats in particular though...I don't know.
  5. mpillow

    mpillow Well-Known Member Supporter

    Jan 24, 2003
  6. kanpope

    kanpope Livin' the Dream

    Oct 14, 2004
    NE Texas
    I just sent this to my husband...

    Toxic substances in plants poisonous to goats

    Alkaloid Containing Plants:
    • Aconite
    • Allspice
    • Black Snake Root
    • Bloodroot
    • Blue Cohosh
    • Boxwood
    • Celandine
    • Common Poppy
    • Crotalaria
    • Crow Poison
    • Death Camas
    • Dicentra
    • False Hellebore
    • False Jessamine
    • Fume Wort
    • Hellebore
    • Hemp
    • Horse Nettle
    • Indian Hemp
    • Indian Poke
    • Jimson Weed
    • Larkspur
    • Lobelia
    • Lupines
    • Marjiuana
    • Monkshood
    • Moonseed
    • Nightshade
    • Pink Death Camas
    • Posion Darnel
    • Poison Hemlock
    • Poison Rye Grass
    • Rattleweed
    • Rock Poppy
    • Senecio
    • Spider Lily
    • Spotted Cowbane
    • Spotted Water Hemlock
    • Stagger Grass
    • Staggerweed
    • Sweet Shrub
    • Thorn Apple
    • Varebells
    • Wild Parsnip
    • Wolfs-Bane
    • Yellow Jessamine

    (plus a few that aren't...)
    Cyanogens are glycosides that contain both a sugar, and a cyanide-containing aglycone. They can be hydrolyzed by enzymatic action releasing HCN(Hydrogen cyanide), which is a very potent toxin. This in turn inhibits the terminal respiratory enzyme, cytochrome oxidase.
    • Arrow Grass
    • Black Locust
    • Blue Cohosh
    • Broomcarn
    • Buckeye
    • Cherry
    • Choke Cherry
    • Corn Cockle
    • Dogbane
    • Elderberry
    • Hemp
    • Horse Nettle
    • Indian Hemp
    • Ivy
    • Johnson Grass
    • Kafir
    • Laurel
    • Leucothoe
    • Lily of the Valley
    • Maleberry
    • Marijuana
    • Milkweed
    • Milo
    • Nightshade
    • Rhododendron
    • Sevenbark
    • Silver
    • Sneezewood
    • Sorghum
    • Stagger Brush
    • Sudan Grass
    • Velvet Grass
    • White Snakeroot
    • Wild Black Cherry
    • Wild Hydrangea

    Photosensitizing Plants
    Photosensitivity describes an abnormal sensitivity to light, and may result as an inability of cells to repair themselves when exposed to UV light. Complications may result in production of metabolites throughout the body.
    • Buckwheat
    • Goat Weed
    • Klamath Weed
    • Lantana
    • Rape
    • St. John's Wort

    Saponins are naturally occurring glycosides whose active portions are soluble in water and produce foam (reducing the surface tension of water). The name comes from Saponaria, soapwort, the root of which has been used as a soap (Latin sapo, soap). The chemical composition of some saponins is very similar to that of hormones, their aglycones being choline steroids. Some saponins contain a triterpenoid aglycone. Their structure is very similar to that of cardiac glycosides. Bitter taste (triterpenoid aglycones contain glucuronic acid in place of sugar and are detectable by sweet taste: liquorice). Saponins cause growth depression in poultry and swine; bloat in ruminants. Aglycones increasing the permeability of membranes can cause haemolysis by destroying the membranes of red blood-cells, thus releasing hemoglobin. This hemolytic activity of saponins varies considerably from plant to plant. Protoplasts are also affected. Cholesterin inactivates saponosides in humans, only our mucus membranes are badly affected. Used in sneezing powder and as an emetic -> irritate the membranes of respiratory and digestive tracts, this local irritant effect is helpful in pectoral syrups and tisanes to facilitate expectoration. Many plants containing saponosides are diuretic. In humans, the effect disappears within a week following the neutralizing action of cholesterin. Some saponins (e.g. those in oats and spinach) increase and accelerate the body's ability to absorb some active compounds e.g. calcium and silicon assisting in digestion.
    • Bagpod
    • Coffee Weed
    • Purple Sesban
    • Rattlebox
    • Soapwort


    All Others
    These plants all have different properties that make them toxic in their own way. They may not even kill the goats, but they cause mechanical injury or problems with resins. So for all others, here is the list:
    • Clover
    • Cocklebur
    • Downy Broome Grass
    • Sand Bur
    • Squirrel Tail Grass
    • Inkberry
    • Poke Weed
    • Pine Trees
    • Ponderosa Pine Needles
    • Baneberry
    • Buttercups
    • Crowfoot
    • Ground Ivy
    • Lobelia
    • Snakeberry
    • Spurge
    • White Cohosh