Sheep basics Toxic Plant list

Discussion in 'Sheep' started by Ross, Oct 17, 2003.

  1. Ross

    Ross Moderator Staff Member Supporter

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    Keeping sheep healthy is not very hard. So long as it has enough suitable feed, (vacinations and worming if you're not organic farming) mineral and salt, has a chance to get out of the wind and rain (and even that isn't a requirement in warmer climates) sheep stay healthy. They will still get sick despite your best efforts from time to time and eventually you'll need outside help. Your vet may coin a cute saying something like this. There's a 4 "S" rule to sheep farming. Sick Sheep Seldom Survive, you may not see the humour in that, I know I didn't. The point is vets see too many hopeless cases far too late to for them to help. Sick sheep need prompt attention!
    So you have sheep that looks poorly, at least to you it does. You can't find or think of an answer so you're going to call the vet. Great, use it as a learning experience too. Most vet calls here are if I'm worried about flock health because of the sick sheep or am really stumped. It can be hard to get a vet to examine a sheep, so if you call armed with relevant information that shows first, you're on the ball and second, that he/she isn't wasting their time making that vist to your farm, you just might have better luck. Large animal vets rarely stay in the job for the money, they want to make a difference and enjoy the work. Hopefully it won't be a big problem getting a vet out although I've heard of some horror stories. (There is a phone number to Pipestone Vet Clinic that will answer sheep health Q's free of charge in the Sheep Basics post if you're really stuck) What does the vet need to hear from you up front? The breed, sex, age, status ( bred, open, with "X" month old lambs) vacination and worming history and any other meds, temperature, eating, rumination, and manure charactor, feeds and changes to feed, body score, and noted symptoms of the sheep you're calling about. Sounds like a lot but only takes a few seconds to rattle off most of the time certainly less than it took to take it's temperature. Hopefully the vet is suitably impressed (or at least curious about you) and is coming. How do you greet him/her? A nice bucket or two of warm water and a couple of towels ready wouldn't hurt, the sick beast penned in a well lit easily accessable area even better! ;) You should have a notebook and pen ready and be dressed to help. Offer to help! Manure samples can be helpful, or anything else relevant like bloody milk etc. If the sheep has a medical history it might help to have it handy too. I try to keep a phone close too. Have a knife and rope handy, if you have shears to clip the wool have them handy too. Ask questions, you're hiring the brain too so work in lots of questions however they're related to the sick animal. If you're hearing too much latin say so and ask for clarification! Use that pen and notebook to write some of the advice down too! It's easy to forget in all the fuss but try to keep some notes going! If there is medication needed write down the instructions and ask about withdrawl times even if you're not going to ship the animal. (It's kind of an etiquete thing, just the right thing to do!) Ask about quarenteen times from the rest of the flock, and remember the sheep was part of the flock when it got sick so ask about early warning signs for the rest of the flock and preventative measures. A short reveiw of your managment in effect. That might even warrent a seperate call to discuss an improved plan!! Ask what you should expect for the sick animal and for any supportive help you can give. It's a good time to get a demonstration for tube feeding eleltrolites etc. if you've never done it before!
    Hopefully the sick sheep is on the road to recovery but make follow up calls if things change, even if the sheep has recovered.

    That's a lot to read but hopefully it helps.
     
  2. justadad

    justadad Active Member

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    Thanks for writing about this. I had to wing it the 1st time i called the vet and your info would have come in very handy.

    Craig
     

  3. Ross

    Ross Moderator Staff Member Supporter

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    I thought I'd post as stickies a few sites or posts that will give some general information on keeping sheep. Suggestions are very welcome!

    How to condition score a sheep Click here

    Sheep breeds library Click Here

    Ron Parkers Sheep book online Click Here

    The Maryland Small Ruminant page Click here

    The Merck Veterinary Manual Online Click here

    A Canadian online veterinary medicine compendium, (read the disclaimer and click the continue button) Click here

    Pipestone vet sells supplies but also answers sheep health questions {INFORMATION NUMBER: [507] 825-5687
    Monday - Friday, 8:00 am - 4:30 pm (CST)} Clcik Here
     
  4. bergere

    bergere Just living Life

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    Here is a good one for people that like to be able to skirt their fleece for sale or their own use..

    http://www.margaret-peel.com.au/skirting.htm
     
  5. bergere

    bergere Just living Life

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    Plants that are Toxic to Sheep & Goats..........

    Alkaloid Containing Plants: Alk "Any of a large class of organic, nitrogen-containing ring compounds that have a bitter taste, that are usually water-insoluble and alcohol-soluble, that form water-soluble salts, and usually exhibit pharmacological action, as nicotine, morphine, or quinine."

    Cyanogenetic Containing Plants: Cya "These plants are usually deadly when damaged or frozen."

    Glucosides - Glycosides Containing Plants: Gls "Any of the class of compounds that yield a sugar and a noncarbohydrate upon hydrolisis."

    Plants That Cause Mechanical Injury: Int "It should be obvious that some plants and shrubs have physical characteristics that would be injurious to animals - thorned plants as an example. Certainly some thorned and spiked plants may be eaten but once they reach the palate, punctures and tears can occur internally which cause a great degree of injury. Also, certain plants are known to 'twine' or 'bind' causing great intestinal difficulties."

    Saponin Containing Plants: "Any of a group of amorphous glucosidal compounds of steroid structure, characterized by an ability to form emulsions and to foam in aqueous solutions, and used as detergents."

    Volatile/Essential Oils Containing Plants: "Some plants, trees and shrubs contain volatile chemicals that go beyond 'general classification' and are thus unique. This simply means that there may be one or more ingredients within the chemical structure of a plant that causes adverse reactions in the animals who ingest it."

    Photosensitizing Plants: Pht "This type of plant will cause a reaction whereas the ingredients interact with light. An animal ingesting such a plant is susceptible to sunburn, heat related illnesses, etc. Not all photosensitizing are considered extremely harmful, however, dependent upon climatic conditions/light, this class of plants can do great damage if the animal is not monitored."

    Tannic Acid Containing Plants: "I am currently researching Tannic Acid. I am somewhat intrigued by this particular ingredient since many Oak trees contain Tannic Acid and this basically provides much conjecture with the belief that fresh, green oak leaves are soothing to sick goats. I will write more on this subject at a later date."

    Resin Containing Plants: "This area is also under research since it has been a common practice for many goat owners to feed their discarded Christmas trees to their goats. Apparently this is not such a good idea as while it may not produce immediate, noticeable results, it can be a cause of abortions months later."

    Aconite Alk
    Acorns
    Alder Buckthorn
    Alfalfa
    Allspice Alk
    Alsike Clover Pht
    Aloe
    Alsike CLover
    Amaryllis
    American-Laurel
    American Elder
    American Holly
    American Mistletoe
    American Yew
    Angel's Trumpet
    Anthurium
    Apricot
    Aroid Family
    Arrow Grass Cya
    Arrowhead Vine
    Asparagus Fern
    Astragalus
    Autumn Crocus
    Avocados Alk
    Azalea
    Bagpod Vol
    Balsam Pear
    Baneberry Vol
    Barberry Alk
    Belladonna Lily (Amarylis)
    Bird Of Paradise
    Bird Rape
    Bittersweet
    Black Cherry Cya
    Black-Eyed Susan
    Black Henbane
    Black Locust Cya
    Black Nightshade Alk
    Black Oak
    Black Snake Root Alk
    Black Walnut Cya
    Bleeding Heart
    Bloodroot Alk
    Blue Cardinalflower
    Blue Cohosh Cya
    Blue Flag Iris
    Bluebonnets
    Blueweed
    Bog-Laurel
    Bouncing Bet
    Boston Ivy
    Boxwood Alk
    Bracken Fern
    Brake Fern
    Broad Bean
    Broomcarn Cya
    Broom Snakeweed
    Buckeye (Horse chestnut) Cya
    Buckwheat Pht
    Bulbuous Buttercup
    Bur Buttercup
    Burke's Lupine
    Burning Bush
    Buttercups Vol
    Caladium
    Calico Bush
    California Bluebell
    California Rose-bay
    Canada Nettle
    Canada Yew
    Canadian Milk-vetch
    Candelabra-Cactus
    Caper Spurge
    Cardinalflower
    Castor Bean
    Celandine Alk
    Celery-leaved Buttercup
    Ceriman
    Cherry Cya
    Chinaberry
    Chinese Evergreen
    Chinese Lantern
    Choke Cherry Cya
    Chives
    Christmas Rose
    Chrysanthemum
    Clamoun
    Climbing Nightshade
    Clover Int
    Cocklebur Int
    Coffee Weed
    Collodium
    Colorado Rubberweed
    Common Comfrey
    Common Groundsel
    Common Hop
    Common Milkweed Cya
    Common Nightshade
    Common Poppy Alk
    Common Privet
    Common Tansy
    Common Vetch
    Coriaria
    Corn Cockle Cya
    Corn Poppy
    Cowbane
    Cowslip
    Creeping Charlie
    Creeping Fig
    Crotalaria Alk
    Croton
    Crow Poison Alk
    Crowfoot
    Crown of Thorns
    Cut Leaved Coneflower
    Cut-Leaf Philodendron
    Cyclamen
    Cypress Spurge
    Daffodil
    Daphne
    Death Camas Alk
    Delphinium (ornamental)
    Devil's Backbone
    Devil's Ivy
    Devil's Weed
    Dicentra Alk
    Discarded Christmas Trees
    Dog Hobble
    Dogbane Cya
    Dologeton
    Downy Brome Grass Int
    Drunk Cane
    Dumbcane
    Dutchman's Breeches
     
  6. bergere

    bergere Just living Life

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    2nd part..
    E F G H
    Eastern Whorled Milkweed
    Elderberry Cya
    Elephant Ears
    Emerald Duke
    English Bluebell
    English Holly
    English Ivy
    English Yew
    Entire Leaved Groundsel
    European Buckthorn
    European Elder
    European Spindletree
    Fall Crocus
    False Hellebore Alk
    False Jessamine Alk
    False Ragweed
    February Daphne
    Fiddleneck
    Field Horsetail
    Five Hooked Bassia
    Flamingo Lily
    Fly Honeysuckle
    Foxglove
    Friar's Cap
    Fume Wort Alk
    Garden Sorrel
    Garland Daphne
    Garlic
    Gas Plant
    Giant Dumbcane
    Giant Hogweed
    Glory Lily
    Goat Weed
    Golden-Bean
    Golden Chain Tree
    Golden Rain
    Golden Trumpet
    Grass Pea
    Greasewood
    Greater Celandine
    Green Dragon
    Green False Hellebore
    Green Tansy Mustard
    Ground Cherry
    Ground Ivy
    Groundsell
    Guelder Rose
    Hairy Vetch
    Heart Leaf Philodendron
    Hellebore Alk
    Helmet Flower
    Hemp Alk & Cya
    Hemp Dogbane
    Holly
    Horse Chestnut
    Horse Nettle Alk & Cya
    Horse Radish
    Horsetail
    Hound's Tongue
    Hyacinth
    Hydrangea

    I J K L
    Iceland Poppy
    Indian Hemp Cya
    Indian Mustard
    Indian Poke Alk
    Indian Turnip
    Indian Tobacco

    InkberryAlk
    Iris
    Ivy Cya
    Ivybush
    Jack-In-The-Pulpit
    Japanese Plum
    Japanese Wisteria
    Japanese Yew
    Jasmine
    Jerusalem Cherry
    Jimsonweed Alk
    Johnson Grass Int
    Johnson Grass Cya
    Kafir Lily>Cya
    Kalmia
    Kentucky Coffeetree
    Klamath Weed
    Kochia
    Laburmum
    Lamb's Quarters
    Lantana (photodynamic)
    Large Leaved Lupine
    Larkspur Alk
    Laurel Cya
    Leaf-Laurel
    Leafy Spurge
    Leatherwood
    Leucothoe Cya
    Lily of the Valley Cya
    Lobelia Alk
    Locoweed
    Low Larkspur
    Lupines Alk

    M N O P
    Maidenhair Tree
    Majesty
    Maleberry Cya
    Mandrake Alk
    Mango
    Marble Queen
    Marijuana Cya
    Marijuana Alk
    Marsh Arrow Grass
    Marsh Horsetail
    Marsh Marigold
    Matrimony Vine
    Mayapple Alk
    Menzies Larkspur
    Mescal Bean
    Mesquite Int
    Mexican Breadfruit
    Milkweeds Cya
    MiloCya
    Mistletoe
    Mock Orange
    Monkey Pod
    Monkshood Alk
    Moonseed Alk
    Morning Glory
    Mother In Law Plant
    Motherwort
    Mountain Laurel
    Multi-flora Rose Int
    Mushrooms
    Musk Thistles Int
    Naked-flowered Sneezeweed
    Nap At Noon
    Narcissus
    Neothytis
    Night shade Alk
    Nightshade Cya
    Northern Water Hemlock
    Nutmeg
    Nux Vomica
    Oaks
    Oats
    Ohio Buckeye
    Oleander Cya
    Onion
    Opium Poppy
    Oriental Poppy
    Ornamental Hypericums Pht
    Osage Orange
    Pawpaw
    Peaches Cya
    Penciltree
    Periwinkle
    Peruvian Lily
    Petty Spurge
    Peyote
    Philodendron
    Pigweed
    Pin Cherry
    Pink Death Camas Alk
    Pink Lady's Slipper
    Plums Cya
    Poinsettia
    Poison Darnel Alk
    Poison Hemlock Alk
    Poison Ivy
    Poison Laurel
    Poison Suckleya
    Poison Sumac
    Poison rye grass Alk
    Poke Alk
    Pokeberry Alk

    Pokeweed Alk
    Ponderosa Pine
    Pot and Spider Mum
    Potato
    Pothos
    Poverty Grass Int
    Precatory Pea
    Prickly Comfrey
    Prickly Lettuce
    Primula
    Prostrate Pigweed
    Privet

    Purple Cockle
    Purple Locoweed
    Purple Sesban

    Q R S T
    Quaker-Bonnets
    Radish
    Rain Tree
    Rape Pht
    Rapeseed
    Rattlebox
    Rattleweed Alk
    Red Chokecherry
    Red Clover
    Red Maple
    Red Oak
    Redroot Pigweed
    Red Princess
    Reed Canarygrass
    Richweed
    Rhododendron Cya
    Rhubarb
    Rock Poppy Alk
    Rosary Pea
    Russian Knapweed
    Saddle Leaf
    Sand Burr Int
    Saskatoon
    Scarlet Pimpernel
    Scotch Broom
    Seaside Arrow Grass
    Sensitive Fern
    Sevenbark Cya
    Sheep Laurel
    Sheep Sorrel
    Show Lady's Slipper
    Showy Milkweed
    Siberian Scilla
    Silky Lupine
    Silver Cya
    Silvery Lupine
    Skunk Cabbage
    Small-Laurel
    Smooth Pigweed
    Snakeberry
    Sneezeweed
    Sneezewood Sorghum Cya
    Snowdrop
    Soapberry
    Soapwort
    Soldier's Cap
    Sorghum Cya
    Sour Dock
    Southern Mountain Laurel
    Spider Lily
    Spatulate Leaved Heliotrope
    Spotted Cowbane Alk
    Spindletree
    Spinach
    Split Leaf
    Spoonhunt

    Spoonwood
    Spotted Dumbcane
    Spotted Water Hemlock Alk
    Sprangeri Fern
    Spreading Dogbane
    Spurge
    Spurge Laurel
    Squirrel Corn
    Squirrel Tail Grass Int
    St. John's Wort Pht
    Stagger brush Cya
    Stagger grass Alk
    Staggerweed Alk
    Star of Bethlehem
    Stinging Nettle
    Stinking Rabbitbrush
    Stinkweed
    Stoned Fruits Cya
    Sudan Grass Cya
    Sunburned Potatoes
    Sun Spurge
    Sunflower
    Sweet Pea
    Sweet Shrub Alk
    Swiss Cheese Plant
    Tall Larkspur
    Tall Manna Grass
    Tansy
    Tansy Ragwort
    Taro
    Tartarian Honeysuckle
    Thin Leaved Snowberry
    Thorn Apple Alk
    Timber Milk Vetch
    Tobacco
    Tomato Vine
    Tree of Heaven
    Tri-Leaf Wonder
    Trillium
    Tulip
    Two Grooved Milk Vetch

    U V W X
    Umbrella Plant
    Varebells Alk
    Veined Dock
    Velvet grass Cya
    Velvety Goldenrod
    Virginia Creeper
    Water Hemlock Alk
    Weeping Fig
    Western Bleedingheart
    Western Minniebush
    Western Poison Oak
    Western Water Hemlock
    Western Yew
    White Baneberry
    White Camas
    White Cohish
    White Clover
    White Hellebore
    White Rose Bay
    White Sanicle
    White Snakeroot Cya
    Wild Black Cherry Cya
    Wild Cabbage
    Wild Calla

    Wild CherriesCya
    Wild False Indigo
    Wild Ginger
    Wild Hydrangea Cya
    Wild Indigo
    Wild Mustard
    Wild Onion
    Wild Parsnip Alk
    Wild Radish
    Wisteria
    Wolfs-bane Alk
    Wormseed Mustard
    Wood-Laurel

    No Listings
    Y Z
    Yellow Iris
    Yellow Jessamine Alk
    Yellow Lady's Slipper
    Yellow Rocket
    Yellow Sage
    Yellow Star Thistle
    Yellow Sweet Clover
    Yellow Toadflax
    Yew (ornamental)
    No Listings
     
  7. MichaelK

    MichaelK Active Member

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    Location:
    Upstate NY
    ALL THE BOOKS READ AND YOUR LIST SAYS MILKWEED CAN CAUSE SUDDEN INSTANT DEATH TO SHEEP.

    When I move my flock of 26 to a new pasture the first thing they do is eat the leaves off the milkweed plants!! :confused:
    Since then I have been picking and destroying all I can but it is a loosing battle.
    Why don't they get sick? Why do they eat it if the pasture is lush with legumes, treefoil, clover orchard grass etc.
    Any ideas?
     
  8. sistertwo

    sistertwo New Member

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    KS
    I guess my little guy is pretty toxic. He ate his fill in poison ivy this spring then he ate my english ivy and bamboo and... in fact his least favorite is the grass in his yard. :) I will ask him to stop eating these toxic things, but I hold out little hope for that. My guy is a pet and our yard contains half of the plants on your list...
     
  9. Ross

    Ross Moderator Staff Member Supporter

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    Just bumping a few posts so they hopefully won't get pruned
     
  10. kirsten

    kirsten Well-Known Member

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    Geez, is there anything they can eat? I can't identify and pick all those out but the only thing I was worried about which I don't think I saw was any of my pine trees or whatever trees have needles on them. Right? They weren't on the list? I hope.
     
  11. Ross

    Ross Moderator Staff Member Supporter

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    My sheep don't eat much if any ever green needles and I know my SIL made spruce beer once from the spruce tips. Was pretty good too. The toxic plant list is pretty general, some of that stuff is only toxic under some conditions and some is pretty mild, causing no reaction normally.
     
  12. Ross

    Ross Moderator Staff Member Supporter

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    Just keeping this thread current so its not pruned
     
  13. Bearfootfarm

    Bearfootfarm This Space For Rent Supporter

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  14. FairviewFarm

    FairviewFarm Well-Known Member

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