we must be the proud owners of the worst pasture in Kentucky. Husband wanted to get a couple of calfs and raise grassfed beef. We bought this land 14 years ago and had the pastures bushhogged every year. we thought that would build up the land. I think it killed out the grass as there was always some kind of mulch lying around on top of the soil, and weeds are proliferating. Sumac is trying very hard every year, there are tons of passionvines, partridge pea, ragweed, you name it, something with blue flowers is blooming right now, of course also goldenrod and other plants that I do not recognize, except that they are not grass. . we have been mowing it like crazy the last couple of years, thinking to give the weeds a hard time and grass a chance to grow. whatever we cut we leave where it falls. What we really need is someone with experience to tell us what to do and how to do it. I am not keen on plowing it. the topsoil is not all too thick and I noticed when we had the garden plowed three years ago it just turned the good soil under and on top was nothing but subsoil looking earth that grows nothing but ragweed, horsenettle and sawbriar. We started a second garden and did not plow it. The soil is also very poor but it looks a lot better. We had it tested and it is especially low in Phosphate. I have been looking for ground phosphate rock or ground slag (or is that slake? it is a byproduct of the iron industry and a very good and cheap source of phosphate in Europe). What do organic farmers use here? We are scrounging every bit of manure, mulch material etc to build up the gardens, plus having every available square inch covered with a green manure cover crop. We will get that in shape, but what to do to establish the pastures, that is the question and we are totally inexperienced as far as that is concerned. We appreciate any advice and thank you.